The Tor missile system is an all-weather low to medium altitude, short-range surface-to-air missile (SAM) system designed for engaging airplanes, helicopters, cruise missiles, precision guided munitions, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and short-range ballistic threats (Anti-Munitions). Originally developed by the Soviet Union under the GRAU designation 9K330.
Tor was also the first air defence system in the world designed from the start to shoot down precision guided weapons, in bad weather and jamming situation. The Tor can detect targets while on the move, and fire on-the-go. The electronic ‘heart’ of the system is a digital fire control system, which allows the Tor to detect and track approximately 40-48 high-manoeuvring air targets and simultaneously attack up to four targets.
The Tor can travel at a road speed of approximately 65 kph (40 mph) for a range of 500km (310 miles) and is operated by a crew of four, including a driver, a commander and two operators. The crew cabin is located at the front section and the turret is mounted at the centre of the vehicle. A surveillance radar antenna, fitted at the rear of the vehicle, provides 90° scan coverage. The vehicle is also equipped with a K-band, phased-array, pulse-Doppler, electronically-steered radar that has a range of 25km.
Along with Russia’s S-300 and S-400 missile systems, the Tor is another formidable defense system that proves Russia’s military superiority on the world stage – making it a popular export to dozens of countries. The missile system was exhibited at the Victory Parade in Moscow in May 2014, as well as at the Army 2015 forum held in June 2015.
Here are some short clips of the Tor in action: